Frequently Asked Questions About Cataract Surgery: A Guide

Cataracts are a common eye condition that occurs when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, leading to blurred vision and difficulty seeing clearly. This clouding is usually a result of aging, but can also be caused by other factors such as injury, certain medications, or medical conditions like diabetes. When cataracts develop, they can significantly impact your quality of life, making it difficult to perform daily activities like reading, driving, or even recognizing faces.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Cataracts

Cataracts can cause a range of symptoms that can vary in severity from person to person. Some common signs and symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Blurry vision: Cataracts can cause your vision to become hazy or cloudy, making it difficult to see clearly, especially at a distance.

  • Increased sensitivity to light: You may find that bright lights, such as headlights or sunlight, become increasingly bothersome.

  • Difficulty seeing at night: Cataracts can make it challenging to see in low-light conditions, making driving or navigating in the dark more dangerous.

  • Faded or yellowed colors: Colors may appear dull or have a yellowish tint due to the clouding of the lens.

  • Frequent changes in eyeglass prescription: As cataracts progress, your vision may change rapidly, requiring frequent updates to your eyeglass prescription.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is crucial to schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist to determine if cataract surgery is necessary.

How is Cataract Surgery Performed?

Cataract surgery is a relatively straightforward procedure that is typically performed under local anesthesia. Here's a step-by-step overview of how cataract surgery is performed:

  1. Preparation: Before the surgery, your eye will be numbed with eye drops, and you may be given a sedative to help you relax. Your eye will be cleaned, and a sterile drape will be placed over your face to maintain a sterile environment.

  2. Creating an incision: The surgeon will create a small incision in the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eye, using a microsurgical blade or laser.

  3. Removing the cataract: The cloudy lens is then gently broken up using ultrasound waves or laser technology and removed from the eye through the incision.

  4. Inserting the intraocular lens (IOL): An artificial lens, known as an IOL, is then inserted into the eye to replace the natural lens. The IOL is carefully positioned within the eye, and the incision is closed, typically without the need for sutures.

  5. Recovery: After the surgery, you will be taken to a recovery area where you will be monitored for a short period. Most patients are able to go home on the same day as the surgery.

Cataract surgery is generally a safe and effective procedure, with a high success rate in improving vision and addressing the symptoms caused by cataracts.


Schedule Your Consultation with Progressive Ophthalmology Today

Cataract surgery is a common and highly successful procedure that can significantly improve your vision and quality of life. By understanding the basics of cataracts, the surgical process, and the recovery period, you can feel more informed and confident about undergoing cataract surgery if it becomes necessary. If you are experiencing any symptoms of cataracts or have concerns about your eye health, it is essential to consult with an ophthalmologist. Your doctor will assess your specific situation and provide personalized advice and guidance tailored to your needs.

If you have any further questions or concerns about cataract surgery, schedule an appointment with Dr. Ahdoot today to discuss your options and receive personalized advice. Visit Progressive Ophthalmology at our office in Queens, New York. Call (718) 565-2020 to book an appointment today.

Frequently Asked Questions About Cataract Surgery

Q: How long does cataract surgery take?

A: The actual surgery itself typically takes about 15 to 30 minutes per eye. However, you should plan to spend a few hours at the surgical center or hospital to allow for pre-surgical preparations and post-operative monitoring.

Q: Is cataract surgery painful?

A: Cataract surgery is usually painless, as local anesthesia is used to numb the eye. You may feel some pressure or mild discomfort during the procedure, but it should not be painful. After the surgery, you may experience some soreness or irritation in the operated eye, but this can be managed with over-the-counter pain medications or prescription eye drops.

Q: Can both eyes be done at the same time?

A: While it is possible to have both eyes operated on during the same surgical session, most ophthalmologists prefer to perform cataract surgery on one eye at a time. This allows for better monitoring of each eye's healing process and reduces the risk of complications.

Q: Will I need glasses after cataract surgery?

A: The need for glasses after cataract surgery depends on several factors, including the type of intraocular lens (IOL) you choose and your visual needs. While some people may achieve clear vision without glasses after surgery, others may still require glasses for certain tasks, such as reading or driving. Your eye doctor will discuss your options and help you determine the most suitable course of action.

Q: Are there any risks or complications associated with cataract surgery?

A: Cataract surgery is generally considered to be a safe and effective procedure. However, like any surgery, there are potential risks and complications, although they are relatively rare. These can include infection, bleeding, swelling, retinal detachment, or increased intraocular pressure. Your ophthalmologist will discuss these risks with you and take appropriate measures to minimize them.